What we can do to avoid wasteful practices that damage the environment
There are several things that we, as human beings can do avoid wasteful practices that degrade the environment. Environmental degradation more often results from human activity. For this reason, human beings need to completely change their attitude towards the use of the environment. In this connection, education is undoubtedly the most fundamental means formaking people aware of the consequences of their various practices on the environment.
Our farmers in particular must be educated about what they should do to control bush fires, so that the burning of bushes in the process of preparing the land for farming will not get out of hand. Here, they need to be extremely careful. Our chiefs, extension agricultural officers, information department of the Ministry of Information, as well as local radio stations have some important roles to play in this actiivyt of educatng the farmers
To avert the gradual loss of our forests, we would need to control deforestation – the indiscriminate cutting down of trees. Not only that: we would also need to plant more trees to replenish the forest, this is called reforestation. Reforestation can prevent desertification.
It would be necessary for us not to enroach on the forest reserves of our country, using parts of them for farming, human settlement, or other purposes. In addition to planting trees, another way to protect our forests and to improve our physical environment is to preserve our foresst and game reserves as well as our national parks.
We would need to establish efficient drainage and watse management system. People must be made to understand the need not to throw waste materials into the drains or waterways. The drains and waterways would need to be desilted from time to time to allow easy flow of water.
To avoid polluting the air we breathe, we would need to take several measures. We need to make people aware of the dangers to the quality of the air we breathe caused by throwing of human waste and refuse into gutters and open places. Our local authorities must provide an adequate number of public toilets to prevent people from going to toilet in the open and thus contaminating the air. Refuse sites should be located far from the centre of towns and cities to prevent the smells that come from them from reaching populated areas and polluting the air. Also, factories should construct chimneys through which waste gases can pass without doing much damage to the purity of the air.
To avoid polluting the water we drink, we would need to embark on proper waste diposal practices. We should not dump waste materials – which include industrial, domestic and human waste – into rivers, lakes, streams and the sea. Waste materials that can be carried into rivers and the sea when it rains should not be thrown into the gutters. It might be a good idea if the gutters of the streets in our towns and cities are covered, as in European cities so as waste materials can not be thrown into them.
The activities of chain saw operators should be stopped. These are some individuals who destroy the environment and our forest reserves by using the chainsaw to fell large trees in the forests. They embark on their illegal activiteies usually in the night. Their activities could destroy tourist sites within the reserves, such as water falls and bird sanctuaries. Law enforcers should do what is necessary to protect the forest reserves by bringing the chainsaw operators to book.
The foregoing, then, are some of the things we, as citizens, can – and should do avert wasteful practices that damage the environment and consequently, the lives of humans. To succeed in doing all this requires education, through which people would be aware of the dangers of environmental degradation to their own lives, health, and well being.